There is a strong need to improve the quality of scientific mentorship of the research work of a doctoral student, which differs from the traditional mentorship.
As it was completely new for them, it was difficult for local professors to guide the PhD students' research. They are lacking knowledge of requirements to PhD study and have no skills required for scientific supervision. For the fullest possible integration into the international system of higher education, the changes in the higher education and introducing the national qualification framework and spreading PhD culture in the Kyrgyz Republic are required.
The introduction of PhD programs as the third cycle of education combines the optimal balance between training and research and reduces the time of preparation and award the highest academic degree. It will increase the interest of young specialists in scientific work.